Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests, Medical, Economical, and Agricultural: Being Also a Medical Botany of the Confederate States; with Practical Information on the Useful Properties of the Trees, Plants and Shrubs

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Steam-power Press of Evans & Cogswell, 1863 - 601 páginas
 

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Página 124 - A single operation does not suffice to deprive them of all their tallow; the steaming and sifting are therefore repeated. The article thus procured becomes a solid mass on falling through the sieve; and, to purify it, it is melted and formed into cakes for the press. These receive their form...
Página 3 - The rural cyclopedia, or A general dictionary of agriculture, and of the arts, sciences, instruments, and practice, necessary to the farmer, stockfarmer, gardener, forester, landsteward, farrier, &c.
Página 277 - ... dung, lime, and muck. Fresh dung should never be applied to hops. Three plants are next placed in the middle of this hole six inches asunder, forming an equilateral triangle. A watering with liquid manure will greatly assist their taking root, and they will soon begin to show "vines.
Página 593 - ... season, and afterwards spread out upon the shore to dry, care being taken to turn it occasionally, to prevent fermentation. It is then stacked for a few weeks, and sheltered from the rain, till it becomes covered with a white saline efflorescence, and is now ready for burning. This is usually accomplished in a round pit, lined with brick or stone; but the more approved form for a kiln is oblong, about two feet wide, eight to eighteen long, and from two to three deep: the bottom of this is covered...
Página 282 - ... throwing mill. The silk, when thrown, is called hard silk, and must be boiled in order to discharge the gum, which otherwise renders it harsh to the touch, and unfit to receive the dye. After boiling about four hours in soaped water, it is washed in clear water to discharge the soap, and is seen to have acquired that glossiness and softness of texture which forms its principal characteristic. The yarn is now ready for weaving. Velvet (Italian, velluto, shaggy) is one of the richest of silken...
Página 560 - ... of tearing up the raw material and reducing it to pulp, the expense both in point of power and time is far less than is necessary for the production of rag paper. "Count Lippe having put himself in communication with the Austrian Government an Imperial manufactory for Indian corn paper (maiskalm.
Página 82 - ... moulds. The evaporation is known to have proceeded far enough when, upon rubbing a drop of the syrup between the fingers, it is perceived to be granular. If it is in danger of boiling over, a bit of lard or of butter is thrown into it, which instantly calms the ebullition. The molasses being drained oft' from the moulds, the sugar is no longer deliquescent, like the raw sugar of the "West Indies.
Página 554 - ... productive power. It was also found that the natural disposition to form grain was so strong that several successive ears were thrown out, by which labor was increased and the injuries to the plant multiplied. Lastly, it appeared that the juice yielded from those plants contained a considerable portion of a foreign substance not favorable to the object in view. Yet, under all these disadvantages, from one hundred to two hundred pounds of sugar per acre may be obtained. The manifest objections...
Página 186 - This may be discovered by the appearance of the water, which must be let off gradually by boring holes first near the top, and afterward lower, as it continues to settle ; when the water is all let oft", and nothing remains but the mud, take that and put it in a bag (flannel is the best), and hang it up to drip, afterward spreading it to dry on large dishes. Take care that none of the foam, which is the strength of the weed, escapes ; but if it rises too high, sprinkle oil on it Seven or eight species...
Página 577 - ... yeast cakes. Place the cask in a warm place, and in ten or fifteen days add a sheet of common wrapping paper, smeared with molasses, and torn into narrow strips, and you will liave a good vinegar. The paper is necessary^ to form the 'mother

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