Apes, Language, and the Human Mind
Oxford University Press, 1998 M06 18 - 254 páginas
Current primate research has yielded stunning results that not only threaten our underlying assumptions about the cognitive and communicative abilities of nonhuman primates, but also bring into question what it means to be human. At the forefront of this research, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh recently has achieved a scientific breakthrough of impressive proportions. Her work with Kanzi, a laboratory-reared bonobo, has led to Kanzi's acquisition of linguistic and cognitive skills similar to those of a two and a half year-old human child. Apes, Language, and the Human Mind skillfully combines a fascinating narrative of the Kanzi research with incisive critical analysis of the research's broader linguistic, psychological, and anthropological implications. The first part of the book provides a detailed, personal account of Kanzi's infancy, youth, and upbringing, while the second part addresses the theoretical, conceptual, and methodological issues raised by the Kanzi research. The authors discuss the challenge to the foundations of modern cognitive science presented by the Kanzi research; the methods by which we represent and evaluate the abilities of both primates and humans; and the implications which ape language research has for the study of the evolution of human language. Sure to be controversial, this exciting new volume offers a radical revision of the sciences of language and mind, and will be important reading for all those working in the fields of primatology, anthropology, linguistics, philosophy of mind, and cognitive and developmental psychology.
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ability able according actions animals answer appear apply argument asked assume attempt Austin ball become begin behavior believe bonobo Cartesian child claim clear cognitive commonsense communicational complex concept construct course critic describe determine distinction evidence example experience explain expression fact females gestures give given grammatical hand human important individual intentions interaction Kanzi keyboard kind language linguistic look males manner Matata means mental metalinguistic claim method of evaluation mind mother nature never objects observed obtain organism person picture play possess possible problem produce question reason refer request response rhetorical rules Savage-Rumbaugh scientific seemed seen sense sentence simply skeptical skills social someone sort sounds speak species speech symbols talk tell theory things thought tion trying understand understood utterances wanted
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