African Ethnobotany in the Americas
African Ethnobotany in the Americas provides the first comprehensive examination of ethnobotanical knowledge and skills among the African Diaspora in the Americas. Leading scholars on the subject explore the complex relationship between plant use and meaning among the descendants of Africans in the New World. With the aid of archival and field research carried out in North America, South America, and the Caribbean, contributors explore the historical, environmental, and political-ecological factors that facilitated/hindered transatlantic ethnobotanical diffusion; the role of Africans as active agents of plant and plant knowledge transfer during the period of plantation slavery in the Americas; the significance of cultural resistance in refining and redefining plant-based traditions; the principal categories of plant use that resulted; the exchange of knowledge among Amerindian, European and other African peoples; and the changing significance of African-American ethnobotanical traditions in the 21st century.
Bolstered by abundant visual content and contributions from renowned experts in the field, African Ethnobotany in the Americas is an invaluable resource for students, scientists, and researchers in the field of ethnobotany and African Diaspora studies.
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Sonia Peter Part IV Ethnobotanical Continuity and Change 12 13 14 Candomblé's Cosmic Tree and Brazil's Ficus Species ........................ John Rashford Exploring Biocultural Contexts: Comparative Woody Plant Knowledge of an ...
... including Sacred Leaves of Candomblé: African Magic, Medicine, and Religion in Brazil (Univ. of Texas Press, 1997). Contributors Stanley B. Alpern, A.B., M.A. Villefranche-sur-Mer, France Tinde van x Author Biographies.
In his essay on Brazil's ritual iroko tree, John Rashford explores the question of what species of fig (Ficus) constitute the identity of Candomblé's cosmic tree. In West Africa, iroko is represented by Milicia excelsa (Moraceae), ...
In Brazil, the guinea fowl is also raised for food and is featured in the liturgical practices of the Africa-derived religion, candomblé (Pessoa de Barros 1993). European vessels deliberately transported African livestock ...
In Bahia, as Robert Voeks observes in Sacred Leaves of Candomblé, it is an important plant in the religion's practice (Voeks 1997, 78–79; Pessoa de Barros and Napoleão 1998). European commercial objectives do not alone offer a ...
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African Origins of Sesame Cultivation in the Americas
Handicrafts and Crafters
By the Rivers of Babylon The Lowcountry Basket in Slavery and Freedom
Gathering Buying and Growing Sweetgrass Muhlenbergia sericea Urbanization and Social Networking in the Sweetgrass BasketMaking Industry of ...
Medicinal and Spiritual Ethno ﬂ oras
TransAtlantic Diaspora Ethnobotany Legacies of West African and Iberian Mediterranean Migration in Central Cuba
What Makes a Plant Magical? Symbolism and Sacred Herbs in AfroSurinamese Winti Rituals
Medicinal and Cooling Teas of Barbados
Ethnobotanical Continuity and Change
Candomblés Cosmic Tree and Brazils Ficus Species
Exploring Biocultural Contexts Comparative Woody Plant Knowledge of an Indigenous and AfroAmerican Maroon Community in Suriname South ...
Ethnobotany of Brazils African Diaspora The Role of Floristic Homogenization
Marketing Culture and Conservation Value of NTFPs Case Study of AfroEcuadorian Use of Piquigua Heteropsis ecuadorensis Araceae
Berimbau de barriga Musical Ethnobotany of the AfroBrazilian Diaspora