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State Summaries of Weather and Agriculture

These summaries provide brief descriptions of crop and weather conditions important on a national scale. More detailed data are available in Weather and Crop Bulletins published each Monday by SRS State Statistical Offices in cooperation with the National Weather Service.

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Days suitable for fieldwork 5.4. Soil moisture 27% short, 65% adequate, 8% surplus. Field progress on schedule. Wheat 2% poor, 33% fair, 65% good. Pastures 18% poor, 55% fair, 25% good, 2% excellent. Livestock 4% poor, 53% fair, 41% good 2% excellent. Feed supply 51% short, 49% adequate. Stored feed supply 29% short, 67% adequate, 4% surplus. Primary activities: Planting corn and vegetables, land preparation, fertilizer and lime application, machinery repair, care of livestock and poultry, general farm chores, stocking fish ponds.

ARIZONA: Sunny skies, record high temperatures dominated weather pattern. Hottest day on 27th; maximums 60s to 70s high country, upper 70s to 80s at 5,000 ft., 95 to 1000 southwest deserts. Average temperatures 8 to 150 above normal. Widely scattered thunderstorms 28th to 30th; precipitation amounts light.

Cotton planting active; 35% seeded, 30% 1985. Seedbed preparation, pre-irrigation took place. Alfalfa mostly good to excellent. Haying took place west. Weed, insect problems mostly light to moderate; weevil infestations heavy southeast. Sheep grazing light. Spring alfalfa bed preparation continued. Corn seedbed preparation nearing completion central areas, expected to begin soon southeast. Corn west progressing nicely. Sorghum fieldwork progressed. Wheat, barley stands ahead of schedule; crops good to excellent. Plants jointing on 90% of acreage, heading on 40%. Lettuce packing tapered off Yuma, Parker-Poston areas. Lettuce packing continued Harquahala, Rainbow Valley, Salt River Valley, Marana areas. Lettuce Willcox district making good progress. Mixed vegetable harvest continued Yuma, Salt River Valley. Spring potatoes, dry onions excellent. Citrus harvest continued. Late winter rains, snow higher elevations produced normal range, pasture conditions. Soil moisture, stock water adequate to good. Cattle, calves fair to excellent; sheep, lambs good. Insect damage to ranges light.

ARKANSAS: Temperatures well above normal. Isolated Tight showers at middle of week. at middle of week. Temperature extremes 290; 88°. Rainfall none to 0.05 in.

Early wheat damaged by previous freezing, slight overall. Damage apparent peach crop with heaviest northwest, east central; central damage slight. Some corn, grain sorghum planted. Pasture fair, rain needed.


Period dominated by high pressure, average temperatures 8 to 120 above normal. Low pressure system early gave northern State border. only rain. High pressure quickly returned, pushed temperatures near record levels.

Fieldwork activity activity increased. Small grains excellent, continued maturing. Alfalfa growers applied ground squirrel, gopher bait. Hay harvesting, greenchopping continued. Cotton planting continued. Approximately 20% planted desert. Corn fields prepared. Rice ground too wet to work. Apples past full bloom, Central Valley. Kiwi, grapes pushed growth. Bunches on early varieties. Coachella table grapes ahead normal. Pears bloomed. Citrus harvest progressed normally. Large Navel oranges culled, rind puff, granulation. Persimmons, walnuts bloomed. Pecans, pistachios leafed out. Artichokes fairly heavy supply Salinas, variable quality. Asparagus harvest

continued Firebaugh District, Delta, some problem. Harvest continued south coast. Desert harvest practically finished except Coachella Valley. Broccoli shipments heavy, variable quality Salinas, Santa Maria. Harvest active Fresno, south coast good quality, fair prices. Carrot digging active Imperial Valley, Coachella Valley. Fresno plantings make good growth. Cauliflower moderate Salinas, fairly light Santa Maria, variable quality. Celery transplanted. Sweet corn planting active Los Angeles-Orange County. Lettuce volume central San Joaquin increased, harvest started, fairly heavy supply, variable quality, good prices. Harvest continued south coast. Palo Verde Valley finish by 5th. Dssert melons bloom. Potato movement Tulelake-Butte valley active. Harvest White Rose, Red varieties Perris-Hemet continued average quality, demand. Fieldwork early potato varieties Tulelake-Butte valley. Strawberry picking full swing good prices, some decay, south coast. Sweetpotato hotbeds doing well MercedAtwater. Hotbed seeding, field fumigation continued Modesto-Turlock. Planting processing tomatoes reached peak Delta, continued Huron. Tomatoes transplanted Merced-Atwater, Los AngelesOrange County. Range, pasture growth excellent. Grass maturing earlier than normal many areas. Supplemental feeding decreasing most Livestock made good gains. Calving Calving declining northern district. Lambing nearing end. Feedlots drying slowly.

COLORADO: Temperatures averaged 9 to 120 above normal. Precipitation totals averaged none to 0.05 in.

Days suitable for fieldwork 5.8. Soil moisture 7% very short, 40% short, 43% adequate, 10% surplus. Winter wheat 2% very poor, 4% poor, 12% fair, 71% good, 11% excellent. Seedbed preparation, seeding of small grains active. Livestock good; range and pasture fair to good. Calving, lambing progress near normal.

FLORIDA: Cool, dry air followed a moderate cold front down Peninsula 24th, 25th with rainfall of 0.50 in. or less. Showers, thunderstorms late 26th through weekend produced general rainfall southeast coast of 3.00 to 5.00 in., some heavier amounts.

Soil moisture adequate, except Panhandle short supplies. Corn damaged by earlier freeze, some replanted, most expected to recover. Tobacco transplanting, replanting active. Wheat good progress. Land preparation underway soybeans, sorghum. Sugarcane harvest complete, young crop rebounding from winter freezes. Panhandle pastures dry, condition poor to good. Elsewhere, warmth, rains improved pastures; condition mostly good. Cattle fair Panhandle, fair to good elsewhere. Citrus groves good. Mild temperatures with few showers; irrigation continued. Citrus bloom at peak; new foliage abundant. Early season cold front early week brought strong winds, light rains, low temperatures over vegetable producing areas. Lows 30s central, southwest; 40s southeast areas. Conditions improved by end of period with highs mostly 80s. Heavy rains midweek along southeast coast. Harvest active Dade County, increasing Pompano, southwest. Increased shipments due to gains snap beans, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, escarole, squash, strawberries offsetting lower supplies cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, lettuce, peppers, potatoes, radishes, tomatoes.

GEORGIA: No rain. Temperatures 2 to 50 above normal. Coldest temperature 270 Blairsville morning of 29th. Maximum temperatures 800 or above 29th, 30th.

Days suitable for fieldwork 5.8. Soil moisture 1% very short, 18% short, 80% adequate, 1% surplus. Corn 7% poor, 48% fair, 43% good, 2% excellent; 52% planted, 52% 1985, 46% avg. Tobacco 4% poor, 50% fair, 46% good; 23% transplanted, 18% 1985, 22% avg. Watermelons 6% poor, 55% fair, 39% good; 47% planted, 71% 1985, 45% avg. Wheat 2% poor, 18% fair, 71% good, 9% excellent; 71% jointing, 72% 1985, 62% avg.; 22% boot, 17% 1985, 16% avg. Rye 1% poor, 18% fair, 69% good, 12% excellent. Other small grains 3% poor, 17% fair, 73% good, 7% excellent. Apples 7% poor, 14% fair, 79% good; 25% blooming, 2% 1985. Peaches 3% very poor, 5% poor, 40% fair, 50% good, 2% excellent; 86% blooming, 73% 1985, 80% avg. Pasture 3% poor, 32% fair, 62% good, 3% excellent. Cattle 27% fair, 70%

good, 3% excellent. Hogs 18% fair, 77% good, 5% excellent. Main activities: Seedbed preparation; planting spring crops; liming, fertilizing pastures, hay fields; applying nitrogen, herbicides to small grains; some freeze damage on corn, tomatoes, early watermelons; cold temperatures and frost damaged peaches, full extent not accessed. HAWAII: High pressure area north of State responsible for northeast winds gusting to 30 mph. Temperatures ranged mid 60s to mid 80s. Rainfall ranged from none to 4.00 in. across State.

Days suitable for fieldwork 7.0. Water restrictions lifted some areas. Adequate soil moisture banana, papaya orchards. Additional rainfall would be welcomed other areas. Some wind damage to vine crops.

IDAHO: Precipitation north most week. South remained dry. Precipitation below normal, temperatures above normal.

Days suitable for fieldwork 6.0. Spring wheat 16% seeded, 2% 1985, 8% avg. Spring barley 10% seeded, 2% 1985, 4% avg. Sugarbeets 14% planted, 14% 1985, 4% avg. Onions 38% planted, 38% 1985, 28% avg. Dry peas 4% planted, none 1985, none avg. Calving 68% complete; lambing 82%. Winter wheat fair to good. Hay, roughage supply fair to good. Fruit trees budding, blooming. Livestock good.

ILLINOIS: Temperatures averaged 16 to 190 above normal north; 11 to 170 above normal south. Precipitation 0.20 to 0.40 in. north; .0.10 in. south. Averaged 0.40 in. below normal north; 0.90 to 1.20 in. below normal south.

Winter wheat mostly good. Livestock good.

INDIANA: Above normal temperatures. Lows in 40s, highs in 70s. Rainfall below normal. Totals less than 0.25 in. most of State except southeast 0.25 to 0.40 in.

Spring fieldwork fieldwork full swing. Soils drying. Activities: Tilling, cleaning bunkers, spreading manure, seeding clover, grass seed, cutting wood, cleaning fence rows, spreading fertilizer, seeding oats, preparing tobacco plant beds, caring for livestock, usual chores. Apples budding. Some heaving, wheat, wheat, pastures. Livestock condition varied.

IOWA: Unusually warm, dry week. Light showers primarily southeast 25th to 26th, amounts 0.70 in. North English. Record high temperatures 28th, almost everywhere 29th. Highest 910 Des Moines, 900 Ames, Marshalltown.

Days suitable for fieldwork 2.3. Topsoil moisture 3% short, 73% adequate, 24% surplus; subsoil moisture 4% short, 70% adequate, 26% surplus. Winter wheat 2% very poor, 11% poor, 39% fair, 47% good, 1% excellent. Fieldwork slowed by wet soil, 10% oats sown, 29% 1985, 17% avg.

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KANSAS: Precipitation 0.15 to 0.25 in. central, southeast, east central districts; little or none elsewhere. Temperatures averaged 600 northwest, 640 east, south central; 16 to 190 above normal. Days suitable for fieldwork 5.5. Soil moisture 46% short, 52% adequate, 2% surplus. Wheat good growth; wind, warm weather depleting moisture. Wind damage light to moderate; diseases increasing. Weed problems more acute, treatment underway. barley seedings 90% complete. Lambing, calving few death losses. Range, pasture, adequate grazing. Feed grains, hay, forage, adequate to surplus. KENTUCKY: Warm, relatively dry. Cold front on 25th brought scattered showers, return to normal temperatures. Rapid warming on 27th through weekend. Temperatures averaged 6 to 120 above normal with most areas reaching lower 80s. Coldest readings midweek in mid 20s to mid 30s. Rainfall 0.25 in. or less, 0.75 in. below normal.

Days suitable for fieldwork 5.3. Soil moisture 15% short, 80% adequate, 5% surplus. Tobacco plant bed preparation and seeding, plowing, disking, fertilizing common. Few corn fields planted. Plowing 33% complete. Tobacco plants beds 56% seeded, 68% 1984, 60% avg. Fall seeded grains extremely variable condition. Winterkill loss considerable in Bluegrass. Pastures supplying 25% roughage requirements of cattle. Hay supplies ample.

LOUISIANA: Temperature ranged 30 below normal to 10 above normal. Temperature extremes 280; 850. Rainfall none.

Days suitable for fieldwork 6.0. Soil moisture 27% short, 73% adequate. Spring plowing 68% complete, 48% 1985, 50% avg. Corn 69% planted, 55% 1985, 50% avg. avg. Corn 47% emerged, 37% 1985, 30% avg. Rice 19% planted, 15% 1985, 17% avg. Rice 9% emerged, 5% 1985, 9% avg. Winter wheat fair to good; 26% headed, 15% 1985, 17% avg. Sorghum 5% planted, 1% 1985, 2% avg. Sugarcane fair to good. Vegetables fair; heavy loss to peach crop due to frost. Pasture, livestock fair to good. Main activities: Spring plowing; planting corn, rice, sorghum, spring gardens; applying fertilizer; harvesting strawberries.

MARYLAND & DELAWARE: Maryland: and Temperatures averaged 10 above normal over State. Lowest temperature 50 Oakland; highest temperature 780 Hancock. Precipitation averaged 0.03 in., ranging from none to 0.25 in.

Days suitable for fieldwork 7.0. Topsoil moisture adequate; subsoil moisture adequate. Small grains good. Farmers' main activities: Spreading lime and fertilizer; planting peas, potatoes, oats; plowing; and spreading manure. Delaware: Temperatures averaged 30 above normal over State. Lowest temperature 190 Wilmington, Georgetown; highest temperature 740 Georgetown. Precipitation averaged a trace, ranging from none to a trace.

Days suitable for fieldwork 7.0. Topsoil moisture adequate; subsoil moisture adequate. Small grains good. Farmers' main activities: Spreading lime and fertilizer, planting peas and potatoes, plowing, and spreading manure.

MICHIGAN: Pleasant warm spring week across State. Temperatures averaged 110 above normal. Precipitation light.

Farm activities increase. Fields drying. Corn, soybean harvest morning. Plowing south. Machinery preparation. Small grain, hay fields good. Grain, hay, livestock marketings continued. Fruit tree,

grapevine pruning active. ASCS sign-up active. Calving, lambing continued. Feed supplies good. MINNESOTA: Temperatures averaged 8 to 140 above normal. Temperature extremes 60; 830. Precipitation averaged 0.05 to 0.52 in. below normal. No precipitation except northern third. Snow depth weeks end averaged 6 in. northeast, none to trace elsewhere.

Frost still on ground, topsoil still generally very wet. Harvest of 1985 corn resumed scattered localities. Winter wheat, rye began greening-up.

MISSISSIPPI: Average temperatures 10 above normal. Extremes 270; 850. No rainfall.

Days suitable for fieldwork 6.0; 2.9 1985, 2.9 average. Soil moisture 3% very short, 13% short, 84% adequate. Main activities: Fieldwork and obtaining financing. Corn 4% very poor, 8% poor, 67% fair, 21% good; 34% planted, 36% 1985, 27% avg.; 15% emerged, 15% 1985. Wheat 3% very poor, 3% poor, 43% fair, 48% good, 3% excellent; 80% jointing, 73% 1985; 4% heading, 4% 1985. Rice 1% planted, none 1985, none avg. Sorghum 2% planted. Watermelons 20% planted, 21% 1985, 1985, 25% avg. Pasture 3% very poor, 3% poor, 37% fair, 50% good, 7% very good. Livestock 3% very poor, 39% fair, 52% good, 6% very good.

MISSOURI: Temperatures averaged 50 above normal Bootheel, 120 above normal across State. Precipitation widespread, light averaging 0.20 in. Fieldwork becoming general most areas. Plowing, disking, spreading fertilizer, seeding oats main activities. Corn planting well under way southeast, just beginning elsewhere. Moisture mostly adequate, warm, windy weather drying soil. MONTANA: Very dry, windy, warm. Light precipitation west, southwest, less than 0.25 in. Areas of blowing dust late week. Temperatures 10 to 200 above normal. Highest late week, maximum temperatures 60 to 800.

Fields dried, tillage more active. Warm temperatures started weed, grass growth. Calving, lambing proceeded well.

NEBRASKA: Temperatures ranged from 130 above normal west to 220 above normal east. Only traces of precipitation.

Winter wheat 25% fair, 48% good, 27% excellent. Winterkill very light. Few reports of soil borne mosaic, pennycress southeast. Cattle remained on stalks during March. Feed, hay supplies stabilized west. Elsewhere remained average or above. Pasture, range average. Calving progressed well, losses average or below. Some additional losses during March snowstorm.

NEVADA: Week started with warm temperatures, fair weather all areas. Weak cold front lowered temperatures but high pressure system midweek produced strong warming trend remainder of period. Low pressure system end of week brought strong winds, scattered thunderstorm activity south, east, along Sierras. Precipitation Precipitation amounts light. Temperatures averaged 9 to 120 above normal.

Good progress fieldwork due to mild, sunny weather. Gusty winds reported most areas. Warm weather easy on newborn calves, lambs.

NEW ENGLAND: Average temperatures ranged from 40° near Canadian border to 500 south coast, 100 above normal. Average precipitation ranged from 0.50 to 0.75 in. over Maine to 0.25 to 0.50 in. elsewhere. Maple sugaring full swing. Farmers marketing milk, apples, potatoes, and tending to livestock and farm chores.

NEW JERSEY: Temperatures averaged 6 to 80 above normal. Extremes 180; 850. Weekly rainfall

averaged 0.03 in. north, none central, south. Heaviest 24-hour total 0.06 in. on 26th, 27th. Estimated soil moisture percent of field capacity averaged 77% north, 63% central, 50% south. Four inch soil temperatures averaged 450 north, 47° central, 480 south.

Topsoil moisture becoming short on lighter soils. Preparation, planting of early crops increased. Potatoes, peas, onions, lettuce, cabbage, spinach, greens planted. Fruit buds swelling. Pastures greening, early growth beginning.

NEW MEXICO: Average weekly temperatures about 10° above normal. Temperatures 180 central valley, highlands to 880 southeastern plains. Meager rain, snow late week. Precipitation none to 0.10 in. northwestern plateau, western mountains, central valley, highlands.

Days suitable for fieldwork 6.8. Soil moisture 64% short, 36% adequate. Alfalfa 42% fair, 58% good. Barley 25% fair, 62% good, 13% excellent. Irrigated wheat 13% fair, 74% good, 13% excellent. Dryland wheat 75% poor, 25% excellent. Chile 33%. fair, 67% good. Onions 100% good. Lettuce 100% good. Cattle 31% fair, 69% good. Sheep 33% fair; 67% good. Range 7% poor, 86% fair, 7% good.

NEW YORK: Warm, dry weather. Average high temperatures close to normal. Below normal temperatures on 24th, then warmer weather. Driest area around New York City, Long Island. Almost 0.50 in. rain Syracuse.

Farm activities included tending livestock, repairing machinery, preparing for spring plowing and planting and general farm chores. Limited lettuce, onion plantings in Orange County.

NORTH CAROLINA: Temperatures averaged near normal to 40 above normal statewide. Temperature extremes 180; 790. Precipitation ranged from none to 0.05 in. across State.

Days suitable for fieldwork 5.4. Soil moisture 1% very short, 24% short, 75% adequate. Wheat 18% fair, 79% good, 3% excellent. Oats 24% fair, 73% good, 3% excellent. Barley 5% poor, 15% fair, 77% good, 3% excellent. Rye 23% fair, 74% good, 3% excellent. Tobacco beds 29% fair, 68% good, 3% excellent. Irish potatoes 17% fair, 83% good; 88% planted, 89% 1985, 74% avg. Feed grains 4% short, 91% adequate, 5% surplus. Hay, roughage 4% short, 96% adequate. Pasture 5% poor, 31% fair, 61% good, 3% excellent. Major farm farm activities: Land preparation; topdressing small grains; tending tobacco plant beds; planting corn, Irish potatoes, cabbage, other vegetables; spreading lime; pruning, planting, spraying fruit trees; tending livestock; cutting firewood; spraying herbicides, fertilizer on Christmas trees; mowing; fertilizing pastures; conservation work; machinery repair; general farm maintenance.

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OKLAHOMA: Temperatures averaged 60 above normal Southeast, to 130 above normal Panhandle. No precipitation reported.

Days suitable for fieldwork 6.1. Topsoil moisture 50% short, 50% adequate. Subsoil moisture 15% short, 85% adequate. Rain needed to replenish depleted moisture west, south. Wheat 10% fair, 90% good. Wheat 45% jointing, 35% 1983, 30% avg. Development one week ahead of average. Spraying for alfalfa weevils. Applying fertilizer. Sorghum plantings begun southeast, south central. Pastures good; forage supplies 20% short, 80% adequate. Cattle good; marketing increasing, prices rebounded from last week's 1986 low.

OREGON: Temperatures again above normal entire State. Northeastern, central sections averaged nearly 100 above normal. Elsewhere 3 to 80 above normal. Heaviest precipitation along south, central coast, over northwest coast range averaged from 2.00 to 2.50 in. Willamette Valley received just under 1.00 in. Elsewhere Elsewhere precipitation averaged less than 0.50 in.

Soil moisture adequate to surplus. Winter wheat good. Spring fieldwork, grain seeding continued. Weeding, fertilizing fruit crops. Early varieties strawberries blooming, Field preparation, early seeding of vegetables. Livestock good. Spring calving neared completion. Range, pasture good.

PENNSYLVANIA: Average temperature 480, 80 above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.06 in., 0.75 in. below normal.

Good weather permitted some spring field work to begin.

PUERTO RICO: Island average rainfall 0.55 in., 0.10 in. below normal. Highest weekly total 2.70 in. Highest 24-hour total 0.50 in. Temperature averaged about 75 to 770 on coasts, 70 to 720 interior divisions. Mean station temperature ranged from 63 to 790. Extremes 530; 890. Total rainfall 0.28 in., 0.29 in. below normal.

SOUTH CAROLINA: Weather warmer, drier than usual. High pressure system dominated weather giving sunny, warm days, cool nights. Temperatures climbed to 80s by late week. Most of State no rainfall, few light showers on coast.

Days available for fieldwork 5.1. Soil moisture 28% short, 72% adequate. Crop planting considerably behind last year. Corn 15% poor, 50% fair, 35% good. Tobacco and cotton planting activity increasing next few weeks. Watermelons, cantaloupes, tomatoes: fair. Cucumbers, snap beans; fair to good. Small grains, pasture benefited from recent warm weather, need more rainfall.

SOUTH DAKOTA: Average temperatures 11 to 180 above normal. Extremes 190; 870. Snow cover none. Precipitation none to 0.13 in. Black Hills and northwest border, none elsewhere. State averages from 0.75 in. below to 1.0 in. above normal for year.

Livestock good. Calving and lambing. Feed supplies low. Major agricultural activities include caring for livestock, securing seed and preparing machinery for spring planting, beginning fieldwork.

TENNESSEE: Temperatures averaged slightly above normal east, 100 above normal west. Low temperature 290 middle; high 870 west. Rainfall less than 0.10 in.

TEXAS: Most districts dry week. Rainfall limited isolated thundershowers south central, few storms High Plains. Low pressure system Panhandle kept winds gusty, dry. Temperatures warmer than usual High Plains, north central. Cloudiness kept south cool.

CROPS: Wheat 6% headed, 2% 1985, none avg. Wheat 10% poor, 37% fair, 46% good, 7% excellent. Small grains Plains suffered from lack of rainfall. Irrigation increased many fields. Most fields boot stage, some early fields heading. Fields from Blacklands into central, south heading. Rainfall critical for head development, good yields. Many fields suffer from rust, greenbugs. Scattered fields some wilting from dryness. Small grains could use good general rain. Corn 70% planted, 40% 1985, 42% avg. Grain Sorghum 61% planted, 33% 1985, 46% avg. Early planted corn, sorghum fields up to good stands Blacklands south to Rio Grande Valley. Some scattered replanting Blacklands because dryness. Land preparations Plains, CrossTimbers declined, planting begin within two weeks. Some scattered corn planting Low Plains. Planting completed south, Upper Coast. Fields irrigated ensure good emergence. Cotton 9% planted, 5% 1985, 7% avg. Planting declined Valley, Coastal Bend. Planting fast Upper Coast. Planting increased south central. Some scattered planting southern Blacklands. Land prepared Cross-Timbers, Plains. Rice 36% planted, 4% 1985, 22% avg. Planting fast Upper Coast, declined many areas. Flushing began. Other field crops: Sugarbeets none planted, 5% 1985, 19% avg. Planting increased High Plains.

COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES: Rio Grande Valley, onion harvest increased, good yields. Carrot, cabbage harvest slowed. Melons good progress. Citrus producers irrigated, treated groves for insects. San Antonio - Winter Garden harvest greens, carrots, spinach, broccoli. Dryland watermelons not germinating well because dryness. East some frost damage early planted vegetables. Some replanting may be necessary. Planting other spring vegetables continued. High Plains, planting potatoes continued. Onions being watered, developing quickly. Trans-Pecos, onion planting declined. Some pink root occurred. Chili planting begin soon. Cantaloup planting underway. Peach trees blooming across state. Spraying continued many areas. Scattered areas suffered heavy loss from frost two weeks ago. Pecans leafing out many areas, pre-pollination stage some areas.

RANGE AND LIVESTOCK: Ranges, pastures continued suffer under dry, warmer, windy conditions. Weeds increasing over many areas. Greening increasing; growth remains slow. Some topdressing occurred east. Livestock fair to good; weight gains continued good small grain pastures. Forage regrowth small grain pastures slow. Calving continued, lambing almost complete, good crop of lambs. Hornflies, ticks, lice plague Blackland herds. Producers vaccinating Brucellosis, Blackleg disease.

UTAH: Maximum temperatures 11 to 140 above normal throughout State. Minimums from 50 above southeast, south central to 100 above Uintah Basin. Light precipitation north central, northern mountains.

Spring grain planting well underway thoughout State. Alfalfa, fall grains growing. Alfalfa to 3 in. high. Mormon cricket populations large Uintah Basin. High grasshopper populations projected many areas; county meetings on insect control continued. Early season fruit in full bloom. Calving, lambing continued, shearing beginning most crops, livestock good shape.

VIRGINIA: Temperatures well above normal. Range 30s to 80s. No rain reported.



Days suitable for fieldwork 5.5. Soil moisture 33% short, 67% adequate. Dry, warm weather promoted fieldwork. Corn planting began, 1% complete. Small grain topdressing continued some areas. Wheat, barley showed good growth with warmth. Overseeding, topdressing hay, pasture land. Alfalfa good to excellent. Flue-cured tobacco plantbeds good to excellent, seeding nearly

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WASHINGTON: Temperatures averaged 1 to 60 above normal. Rain throughout State most of week. Mostly dry, warm, except north coast on 27th,


Days suitable for fieldwork less than 6.0. Soil moisture 90% adequate, 10% good. Range, pasture 60% short, 40% adequate. Hay supplies 65% short, 35% adequate. Field preparations, spring seedings continue. Still some snow at higher elevations. Orchard clean-up nearly complete, spraying continued. Cherries, apricots full bloom.

WEST VIRGINIA: Temperatures averaged 5 to 10° above normal. Average temperature 520. Temperature extremes 160 Greenbank; 880 Creston. Precipitation well below normal, average 0.12 in.

Days suitable for fieldwork 5.5. Soil moisture 9% short, 91% adequate. Feed supplies 17% short, 72% adequate, 11% surplus.

WISCONSIN: Temperatures above normal with brisk winds; record temperatures 70s, 80s on 29th. Snow melt heavy with some flooding north. Very little precipitation. Corn harvest very active, best weather since last August.

WYOMING: Temperatures average 100 above normal. Very dry.

Days suitable for fieldwork 6.0. Topsoil moisture 24% short, 72% adequate, 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture 26% short, 70% adequate, 4% surplus. Spring wheat 5% planted, 5% 1985. Oats 10% planted, 5% 1985. Barley 25% planted, 20% 1985. Sugarbeet planting started. Winter wheat fair to good. Light Light wind, freeze damage. Livestock mostly good. Spring calves born 40%, 40% 1985. Death losses light. Farm flock: Ewes lambed 50%, 45% 1985; shorn 45%. Range flocks: Ewes lambed 15%, 15% 1985; shorn 15%. Death losses light. Range, pastures fair to good.

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